12 Wine Term Every Wine Enthusiast Who Drinks Should Know

wine terms

We love drinking wines, but often we rarely talk about wines. A lot of people would feel intimidated talking about wines, instead of talking with wines. It might because wines are not self-evident. It is not the same with orange juice that when it looks orange, it will taste exactly like oranges.


Hence, people would likely to rely on specific wine descriptors to know and elucidate how these certain wines will taste. Still feeling inferior because you are clueless even you are already reading the wine details? Take it easy. Here is a list of terms wine terms that would help you next time when chatting about vino. 

1. Aeration

Aeration is the process of letting wines breathe in the open air to soften tannic young wines or fatigue older the ones. You may either open a bottle of wine or swirl the wine in a glass. A lot of professional claims that aerating bottled wine, especially red wines, could improve its quality and taste. However, it is not yet scientifically proven. 

2. Austere

A term used to describe relatively hard wines, have a high acidity level, and lack depth and roundness. This name is usually referred to young wines that need richness and body or young wines that require time to soften. 

3. Bottle Sickness

Also known as bottle shock, these words are used to refer to a temporary situation characterized by disjointed or muted fruit flavors. This situation happens when right after bottling or when fragile wines or other wines are wobbled during a trip. 

4. Browning

Browning refers to the color of a wine, which denotes maturity and has already faded. It is common for wines that are 20 to 30 years old. These wines tend to have an enjoyable brownish edge. On the other hand, browning is a bad sign in young white and red wines. 

5. Brut

This word means dry and is applied to driest sparkling wines and Champagne. Brut wines are drier, which means they have less than 1.5 percent residual sugar per liter than those called extra dry. It is more than extra brut, however less than extra dry. 

6. Corked

This term is used to call those wines that have been spoiled with tainted corks. Corked wines have moldy-newspaper, musty, and off-putting flavor; musty basement, wet newspaper, damp rags, and chlorine smell; and a dry aftertaste.

7. Decant

This term refers to the act of separating wine into different containers to disparate older wine from sediment, and aerate wine to oxidation. Most of the time, aromas and flavors of the wine will open more if there is a presence of oxygen. 

8. Earthy

Earthy is used to distinguish savory wines, rather than of fruit-forward. Black currant is the earthiest of all berries. Wild strawberry and sour cherry are other fruits used in earthy wines. Austria, Chile, New York, Northern and Central Italy, France, and Oregon are famous for producing earthy wines. 

9. Finish

Finish refers to the residual sensation or taste in your mouth after you swallow a glass of wine.  It can either be bitter, tart, sweet, smoky, or the combination of these all. For experts, a finish is a deciding characteristic between points of 80 to 90 rating. Paying attention to what you prefer among various finish on different wines is your skill.  

10. Noble Rot

Botrytis cinerea or Noble Rot is a type of gray fungus that provokes partial shriveling on ripe grapes to concentrate sugar content. Although most wine experts refer to it as an infection, Noble Rot produces many high-quality dessert wines in the world. 

11. Oxidized

Oxidized is the term used when a wine has been overexposed to oxygen. Loss of color and flavor, browning in pigment, and bitter characteristics are the effects of oxidation. Other Sokolin’s highest rated wine producers like Sherry production encourages this style of winemaking; however, it is a fault in wine.

12. Tannin

Some people misconstrue that tannin is what headaches from red wines are made out of, while others misinterpret it with dryness. Instead, tannin contributes to the body and taste of red wine and adds prickly drying sensation on one’s tongue and roof of one’s mouth. 


Red wines can have low, medium, or high tannins. For instance, Pinot Noir has a lower tannin, while Cabernet Sauvignon has higher tannin. Additionally, tannins are complex, astringent,  and herbaceous. As a matter of fact, women are more subtle to how bitter a high tannin wine is than men. 


It is best to have standard knowledge about wines, so you will not feel inferior when talking about it. Choosing the best wine comes down to one’s capacity of using the right terms, regardless it is off the menu or shelf.


Author’s bio:

Scarlett Wells is a full-time writer and wine expert. She is an active critique examining all levels of wine types so she can produce reviews and articles that will help guide every consumer in selecting the right kind of wine to drink. Aside from that, she wrote a lot of blogs maximizing the real usage of wines.

How to Use a Metal Wine Chiller

There are two types of wine chillers; the wine cooler which houses your entire collection of wine and the metal wine chiller which keeps your bottle cool by your side while you enjoy the fruity flavors.

To enjoy the perfect glass of white you need both of these chilling items. You may even need to use a wine chiller for your red of your house is over 70° Fahrenheit. White wine should be served at a temperature of between 49° and 55° while red should be at 62-68°.

If you’re in the market for a wine chiller or cooler then it is essential that you take a look at the reviews on wineturtle.com; it will help you to select the right one for your needs both now and in the future.

Steps To Use Metal Wine Chiller

Storing your wines at a cool temperature helps to preserve them and the flavor of the wine. Once you’ve opened them it’s the white you want to keep cool:

    • Your Bottle – This needs to be placed in your metal wine cooler. In general you’ll find it better to open it before you serve than when you’re preparing it.


  • Ice It – You now need to add some ice to your wine chiller. It is best to use medium sized chunks so that they don’t melt too quickly. The ice should surround the lower half of the bottle.
  • Watering Your Wine – Adding a little cold water to your metal chiller will help the cooling process.
  • Start Drinking – The wine should be cool enough to drink in as little as five minutes. It should stay cool for approximately 2 hours; giving you and your friends enough time to enjoy the wine.


It is worth noting that you can also purchase a wine sleeve which fits over your wine bottle. The sleeve will need to have been kept in the freezer for at least 4 hours. Considering it is so small it will be easy to keep a sleeve in the freezer at all times.

Slide the sleeve over your wine and give it 5 minutes; the wine will be cool enough to drink. Even better it will stay that way for approximately 4 hours.

Don’t forget that if you use a wine cooler you will get condensation running down the outside of the bottle. It is best to have a towel under the wine chiller to prevent water marks appearing on your furniture.

No Ice Metal Wine Chiller

It is also possible to get a stainless steel wine chiller which doesn’t require ice to cool your bottle. Instead of ice there are 3 or 4 freezer packs which slide into pockets on the wine cooler. These can be removed and placed in the freezer; in fact it’s a good idea to keep them in the freezer.

Then simply slide them into your wine chiller and give them 5 minutes to cool the inside space. Add your bottle and enjoy chilled wine for up to 3 hours.

Organic Wines from Spain

Yes There are Organic Wines!

You care about what you put in your body and likely to some extent try to buy organic foods and body care products. It is important for our health since we are fueling our lives with what we eat. That being said there are areas I never even thought about going organic, like my wine. It was my time at ShiftCon, an amazing conference run by mommy blogger and social media influencer Leah Segedie of Momavation, that opened my eyes and introduced me to Natural Merchants for family produced organic wines..

Natural Merchants Organic WinesSo I have now been trying two amazing wines that give you a healthy edge while still letting you enjoy a glass or red or white. All wines are vegan-friendly, and Non-GMO Project Verified.

Tarantas Sparkling White

This sparkling white wine is definitely crisp and dry, which I enjoyed. It is not a sweet wine also something that works well with a nice meal. There are definitely fruit undertones, but I confess to not being refined enough in the palate to differentiate. The official description says “dry-yet-fruity light-to-medium body and a silky, crisp green apple and lemon finish with no oak.” I paired it with lemon chicken and it was a huge hit.

spartico wine from natural merchantsSpartico Tempranillo/Cabernet – Contains no detectable sulfites!

I definitely have friends who can not handle sulfites and I was so excited to share this wine with them. 50% Tempranillo and 50% Cabernet Sauvignon this wine is a delicious mix. All the ladies at cards night raved about it and enjoyed the rich taste.

One of the cool things about these wines is that they come from vineyards which are in the middle of a National Reserve Park so you know that keeping all stages of growing natural and organic is a top priority in an environmentally protected area. The winery, Bodegas Iranzo dates back to 1335 when the land was granted by the Castilla King. Located outside Valencia Spain they have a long history of producing high quality wines.

You can find these wines and more at Natural Merchants. They even have fun things like wine and recipe pairings, including suggestions for these two wines – you can find those HERE. Also a fun map so you can find wines by country. Visit their site at Naturalmerchants.com or check them out on Social Media – TwitterFacebookInstagram

Heroic Red and Valiant White Wines Give Back To Soldiers

Heroic Red and Valiant White wines are distributed by Leer Vineyards in Byron, CA. The wines are pretty much like Tom shoes but for wine. $1.50 for each bottle of wine sold goes to purchase a mortgage and tax free home to a wounded warrior. They’ve already presented four houses to soldiers this year.


Heroic Red shows aromas of boysenberry with hints of leather, cedar and cigar tobacco. Flavors are of raspberry jam, chocolate and black pepper, with a faint echo of blake tea on the long finish. This blend contains 58% Syrah, 29% Merlot and 13% Cabernet Sauvignon.

pic5Valiant White shows aromas of peach and orange blossoms, the circus flavors are intense, peaches and tropical fruits dominate. It’s a soft and luscious mouthful with a hint of effervescence for a beautiful liveliness and a balance to the sweetness. While crisp and sweet this Moscato is a perfect pairing with spicy seafood or chicken and is amazing while paired with bleu cheese and desserts that include pears or peaches.

Cofféy is the official spokesperson for Heroic Red/Valiant White and his song Mr. Red White and Blue has garnered over 4 million views on YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ds3MvMUdNk

Leer Vineyards is nestled in East Contra Costa County in the town of Byron complete with stunning views of Mount Diablo that features a tasting room and will host summer concerts as well as weddings, private parties and corporate events.  The property is a unique 44-acre parcel that boasts a softball diamond, Bocce Ball court, snack bar, and 36 acres of lush vineyards.
Leer Vineyards is a quiet, relaxing piece of property that encourages picnics, lounging, and simply hanging out with a glass of wine.
The Leers moved to Byron in September of 2013 and hand picked over 3 tons of grapes themselves. The grapes were then transported to Estate Crush, a custom crush facility in Lodi, California. Currently the Leers are working with winemakers in the Lodi area to crush, barrel and bottle current varietals. The Leers have produced several varietals of wine and have already sold out of many

Get your wines here, and know that every purchase gives back.

The Secret Shelf Life of Wine

how long does wine last

Wine has a reputation for being palatable only fresh from uncorking, with many of the magical properties that have made wine popular for centuries upon centuries being lost in the initial hours. While it is indisputable that a bottle of premium wine is at its absolute best before exposure to oxygen, the other fact is that oxygen is the catalyst that truly opens the deeper flavors of a wine to be savored by the drinker, and many wines can be sampled again long after opening with proper storage.

Time Frames

Extended exposure does rob a wine of its character over time, but much of its positive aspects are retained much longer than commonly thought. Red wines, white wines and roses can be easily enjoyed several days after uncorking with minimal loss in flavor, although the quality of the wine will begin to dip considerably after 5 days or so, with pronounced flavors and aromas becoming more difficult to distinguish.

A special note comes in the case of Champagne, whose defining characteristic is the tiny bubbles of carbonation that dissipate effervescently in the minutes after the cork is popped. The brilliant but short lifespan of its signature trait means that these wines are best consumed as soon as they are opened, so a bottle should only be opened when it will be finished in short order.

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Diageo Chateau & Estate Wines Introductes Woodwork™ Wines

With fall weather, comes fall gatherings. Perhaps some at your home, and others that you will attend.  You don’t want to be “that guy” who arrives empty handed, so grab a bottle of wine, some dessert, and head over to greet your host (who will be even happier to see you when they see you have something delicious to add to the party).

Woodwork-P NOIR-JPEGWith autumn right around the corner, there is no better time to get friends together and catch up after a busy summer over a glass of wine.  To help with that, Diageo Chateau & Estates Wines is announcing the launch of Woodwork™.   The latest brand celebrates the craft of winemaking with the introduction of three varietals meant to inspire and celebrate those who work hard to endlessly pursue their passions. Woodwork-CHARD-JPEGEach bottle reflects Winemaker Monica Belavic’s passions and pursuit, through continuous experimentation and refinement, to arrive at the very best batch of wine. With great care and attention to detail, high quality oak staves (a barrel alternative) have been selected to bring the influence of oak into each varietal’s distinct taste profile, creating a unique and delicious wine.  The oak influencer also allows the wine to pair beautifully with items cooked on the grill or over a fire.

[Read more…]

Carmel, California – Food, Wine, Art, and Culture

carmel CACarmel, CA is a great spot to get away from it all- the perfect place for weddings, proposals, romantic hideaways, or girlfriend getaways. A small but active and artistic area, you will find plenty of shopping, museums, theater, good wine and good food, as well as the beautiful coastline.

CA food and wine tourCarmel-by-the-Sea is a small town with a rich artistic history on the Monterey Peninsula. In the early 1900s, 60 percent of Carmel’s houses were built by those who were “devoting their lives to work connected to the aesthetic arts.” As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,081.

Close by are the scenic 17-Miles Drive, Steinbeck’s Cannery Row, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, world renowned golf courses, Point Lobos Reserve, and the Big Sur coast. This area is very pet friendly, and one will see dogs everywhere they go- on sidewalks, stores, in restaurants, and even art galleries.

CA foodThere are some fine dining options, as well as others with a more funky flair in the area. Mundaka, a Spanish style tapas restaurant in downtown Carmel, is the result of a love of food, wine, music, and Spain and its culture. The food is ordered by the small plate and meant to be shared with the whole table. The dishes and drinks are organic and locally grown- don’t expect to order a cola in this establishment. The atmosphere is funky and artistic, and has both vegetarian and non-vegetation options as well as live music many nights. Grasing’s offers fine dining that features fresh ingredients from California’s Carmel Coast and Central Valley. They have a varied wine list, and the desserts are interesting, delicate, and delectable. You will want to make sure to save room, and indulge yourself.

CA food toursTaking a quick trip, but want to really experience the food and wine? Take the Carmel Food Tour. While walking through the picturesque city of Carmel, you will be able to enjoy [Read more…]

Sandwich Showdown- New York Food and Wine with @udisglutenfree @I_LOVE_NY

Come one, come all to one of the most fun you can have with two slices of bread. This past Sunday The Whole Foods Market’s Sandwich Showdown was held with Jeff Mauro. Jeff Mauro is the sandwich king from Food Network, and can make one awesome sandwich. This event was held to help raise money for various charities. This event was all about the sandwiches. There were more then fifteen sandwiches to try, with just about every ingredient imaginable, from Turkey to Pastrami, to Porchetta and even gluten free cookies from Udi’s Gluten free, and three varieties of ice cream sandwiches, all of which were delicious.

Upon walking in, each guest is given a wooden chip to cast their vote for the best sandwich available. The only sad point was when realizing the event was over, not because of a timer running down, but because of a lack of space in your stomach. With all the sandwich crafters available, we could talk for hours about every sandwich available and the wonderful wine bar as well, but instead we will highlight some of the stand-out sandwiches.

The afternoon began with an incredible Kobe Patty Melt, by Marble Lane. These little beauties were absolutely mouth watering. A burger made of Kobe beef melting in your mouth with caramelized onions, mushrooms and cheese. Starting with this sandwich set [Read more…]