Every Library Reports Link Between Low Literacy and Negative Health Outcomes

Low health literacy levels account for hundreds of billions of dollars spent each year on health care that would otherwise be unnecessary, with recent estimates settling around $236 billion. Unfortunately, low health literacy is common, difficult to spot, and negatively impacts health outcomes.
Libraries can be a front-line in the fight against low health literacy. In order to fund and utilize libraries and librarians in realizing health literacy goals, new policies must be created. That is why EveryLibrary Institute has commissioned a report on the effects of Low Health Literacy. The EveryLibrary Institute is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit corporation. Institute gifts fund our research, data, training, and public education efforts.
Authors Ellen Thieme and Christina Pryor review current issues with understanding and delivering health literacy services and make recommendations for changes to systems for better outcomes.
Why is the report important?
Studies show that a patient’s level of health literacy impacts their ability to:
Carry out their treatment plan
Fill out forms
Find providers and services
Share relevant health history
Understand risk and probability
As a result, those with low or no health literacy are more likely to:
Require emergency care or be hospitalized
Return to the emergency department after 2 weeks
Struggle to manage a chronic illness or disability
Miss needed tests and screenings
Underuse preventive health care
“Nearly 40% of the population suffers from low health literacy rates,” said John Chrastka, Executive Director of EveryLibrary Institute. “Our report shows that this problem frequently goes unnoticed. Now more than ever, our communities need their libraries to provide literacy services that will provide valuable assistance in access to healthcare.”
Libraries are particularly situated in communities and schools to help identify and support people at risk. Thieme and Pryor observe that “dedicated funding to libraries for literacy programs aiming to increase print, information, and health literacies is vital. Within these programs, curricula could be subject-focused – as opposed to the more general education sometimes seen in adult language and literacy initiatives – to most readily target the appropriate literacy in adult learners while respecting the demands of the bandwidth of adult learners.”
How can you access the report?
Policy makers, voters, and interested individuals can access EveryLibrary’s report through their website: https://www.everylibraryinstitute.org/literacy_health_outcomes_report_2022
“This report has taken on a new relevance to our society, because of the ongoing COVID crisis,” said Chrastka. “Access to healthcare means the difference between life and death.”
The EveryLibrary Institute is a national 501c3 non-profit with a mission to support libraries and librarians in the United States and abroad. We partner with allied organizations including foundations, philanthropic organizations, associations, non-profits, and academic institutions to enhance the perception of libraries and librarianship through direct engagement with the public.

STUDY: Women Sleep Better Next to Their Dog Than Their Partner

Women and dogs are a match made in heaven and this was even supported by Honest Paws newly released study about dog and human relationships, where it listed down 95 benefits of having a dog.  Having both dogs and a husband, I can concur- the dogs are WAY easier to sleep with, LOL.

women sleep study

Dog provides women:

  • dog’s gaze (think of those puppy eyes!) induces a release of oxytocin, “the love hormone,” which is linked to a strengthened emotional bond between mothers and babies
  • Women are more intuitive to dogs’ emotions than men because they have a higher emotional sensitivity
  • Dogs who interact with women are 220% more likely to be treated like people versus dogs who don’t interact with women
  • Single women place more value on how a potential partner interacts with their dog than single men do
  • Women are more likely to view dogs as members of their family
  • Young women who own dogs take fewer days off sick from work
  • Women sleep better next to dogs than they do other people

Most of the time, my dogs are super easy to sleep with. The bigger dogs can be a little harder to move, but not always. None of them hog the bed or the blankets anywhere near the amount that my husband does, haha.

Sleep in whatever way works for you- which for me, most of the time, is with at least one dog, and my bed-hog husband. Goodnight!

Should Your Child Be Taking STEM Classes?

Researchers and educators have agreed that literacy experience needs to get noticed early in children’s language development. For over 30 years, educators have tried to foster the children’s literacy skills through the strong movement that got established. It has resulted in the availability of information targeted to parents who mentor them by giving their children the best. They help play word games, repeat nursery rhymes, sing songs, read books, and notice the child’s handwriting.

The aspect has proved to be very important, and many have proposed to continue giving literacy skills to our children. Through this learning and reading, it has been a major success in life and schools.

Early literacy skills have promoted the system which forms the basic, most important part of the success of our children’s academics. Our children’s early childhood forms the starting point of STEM, making them curious to explore a lot in their environment and world.

One parent’s role model, Sundar Pichai, was encouraged and motivated to study STEM and it made him who he is today. Growing up in Madurai, a city in the south of India, he got nurtured towards technology. It got this father listening to what he had to do to solve problems in electrical engineering. Sundar Pichai had displayed exceptional memory of recalling numbers dialed each day on his rotary phone.

He ventured into technology, and currently, he serves as the CEO of Google. Today, Sundar Pichai net worth amounts to 13.8 million dollars with over 4832 shares in the alphabet stock.

The government has helped ensure the children know what they get good at, thus improving their career later. They have also made children interested in politics through their curiosity after making them much emphatic. Moreover, the government has had an influence on making the parents realize their children need to get their skills directed to their future careers.

Parents and teachers need to watch closely and see what motivates a child. This can help them detect what they are capable of, thus detecting their interests in the skills. But, unfortunately, the educators and parents sometimes tend to underestimate the skills and miss the children’s talents. Parents and educators need to look at the following to learn if their children’s skills direct them to STEM.

  • Children get to notice things all around them. They start getting into an environment where they notice the changes in seasons, plants, and even how the wind keeps on moving. Once the educators and parents start observing kids, they tend to get more observant, especially when they seem to get thinking about what is going on in nature. They get advised to encourage them, get into their conversation, and help them understand the language and all the observations. For any science, making observations creates a critical part and ensures the data gathered from the hypothesis
  • Encourage children at the table to describe all the things they see and get involved. Once the parents and educators start to notice, the children can describe the features and attributes of what they see and form the basis of a child’s interest in science. It makes them form the language of STEM, which builds a lot of confidence in science, thus encouraging them to study
  • Children should be asked “what” and “why” questions. It makes them think harder and figure out how things work and what will happen. It helps the children get a confident answer and makes them interested in discussing more of their interests
  • Children might be interested in counting things. They start by counting everything they see, such as pennies or cars on the road. They even tend to count the leaves on a tree. A parent will know their kids have an interest in mathematics
  • Children thinking about space tend to show more interest in sciences. They should be encouraged to study STEM. In addition, children interested in space need to get a lot of encouragement as this will help them take difficult classes as they try to make rocket science their career

5 Reasons Why eLearning is Valuable

With the boost of online education, eLearning awards students valuable learning opportunities anytime and anywhere. Here are five reasons why eLearning is valuable.

  1. Supports Personal Learning Styles

eLearning supports personal learning environments, whether in a classroom or online at home. It accommodates different learning styles since students can choose eLearning platforms and tools that suit their learning style. eLearning supports opportunities for self-paced education. Some students may want to re-watch parts of a video, or read several examples, where others may need less time to a topic if they already have deep understanding. Students also have fun learning how to use a new educational platform intuitively which increases engagement in learning. 

  1. Enhanced Communication and Collaboration

eLearning experiences allows students to explore a multitude of platforms for learning. Students can seek new ideas and insights about topics and enhance learning through communication and collaboration. They can choose from several multimedia tools to present their research and views, discuss challenging questions, and problem solve. Groups of students can meet asynchronously or synchronously, providing more options for learning. eLearning also opens the opportunity for students to have global exchange of ideas and views, and collaboration with other students across the world.    

  1. Learning is Accessible 24/7

As mobile learning trends, students’ learning experiences are no longer confined to school hours or within brick and mortar learning facilities. In the modern digital times, students no longer need to wait for a teacher or tutor to answer their questions. Instead, online platforms allow students to find online learning lessons, videos, tutorials, and examples to help them understand content they are learning in class, or new information from questions that sparked their interest from their learning experiences. Round the clock access to content allows students to pursue answers to their own questions or catch up with topics that are unclear.

  1. Access to an Abundant Supply of Resources

eLearning platforms provide an abundance of material for all students. Many sites offer online libraries to search, example problems and practice problems, and quizzes or tests. There are even diagnosis assessments where students can assess their knowledge and identify areas for improving their studies. Students can also have access to online assessments that they can complete multiple times, allowing for more practice and time to become proficient in the content. Repeating similar assignments or exams is generally not an option with traditional paper-pencil test in schools. 

  1. Encourages Exploration and Learner-Centric

Students engaged in eLearning can explore new topics or questions as they arise, using time productively and increasing knowledge in topics that spark their interests. They can easily seek out courses and multimedia that interest them which can help the direction of future studies and goal setting. eLearning offers students choices in their learning which is empowering and leads to positive educational experiences. The multimedia tools within eLearning platforms provide fun opportunities to engage students through their interactions within the apps. They offer a tactile experience where students can be digitally hands-on with their learning. Some platforms include digital simulations where students can experiment with different settings, reset and try again, to explore various outcomes. Students develop inquisitiveness about their learning which builds meaning and ownership to their educational experience.

8 Things To Teach Your Toddler Before Kindergarden

Preschoolers can be pretty savvy, and their ingenuity can be surprising to some. However, when they are preparing to go to kindergarten for the first time, many parents will inevitably worry about coping with being outside the home for the day.

children's books

Children are more amenable than they are often given credit for; however, it can be helpful to teach your child a few skills before they head off to school for the first time, not only to put your mind at ease but to give them the skills to cope in a world where they are away from their parents for long periods.

Their Name and Address

Most children will be familiar with their local area and can find their way home using regular routes if they are close by. If they become lost, they need to know essential details such as their name, parents’ names, and where they live. The chances of being reunited in an emergency can be increased if they know some minor details about their home life.

Emergency Services

Toddlers these days are super tech-savvy. Teach your child how to call for emergency services if you have an accident at any time but especially when you are alone. Discuss with them about not talking or going with strangers and that the police and emergency services are there to help them if they need it. This way, if there is an issue, they will be comfortable going with police or paramedics should they need to.

Basic Math

Simple math problems and number recognition can boost them when they go to school and help them become accustomed to learning in an educational environment. Remember, young children learn better through play, so making it fun will help them retain what you are teaching them.

Check out these 8 Preschool Math Activities And Ideas For Emerging Learners to help you encourage a love for learning and support their ongoing development.


Your child will likely be able to form whole sentences or at least four to five-word phrases by the time they’re three years old. Three-year-olds should be able to articulate a vocabulary of at least 250-500 words.

There are far too many words to compile a complete list, but you should expect your toddler to be able to express and understand the following popular terms, phrases, and concepts:

  • Body parts
  • Animal names
  • Relatives names
  • Colors
  • Shapes
  • Directions
  • Weather
  • Feelings


By the age of three, your child should have a solid understanding of the notion of “reading” a book. The goal is not to have them read the words but to navigate a book using the skills they already have.

It should be possible for them to comprehend what is going on in the book by examining the images. They should realize that letters and words on the page have specific meanings, but they won’t comprehend them.


Allow your three-year-old to attempt several activities on their own so that they learn, understand, and have the opportunity to make mistakes (within limits, of course).

The only way that a child will learn something is by doing it themselves. While they’re working on the task, lend them a hand. Chances are, your child will already be showing solid signs of independence, and gently guiding them and encouraging this can help them to feel more confident.

At a minimum, your child should be attempting to do the following themselves;

  • Dressing
  • Eating
  • Going to the toilet
  • Wiping small messes
  • Tidying toys away
  • Washing their hands


At age three, children will still love to get stuck in and be creative when drawing with different mediums. Art, whether coloring or painting, is a great visual aid for your child to express themselves. Encourage this as much as possible as the control from using different techniques and products can help them master their fine motor skills, which will help them learn to write.


Toddlers love getting out and about and being pretty active. There is no denying they won’t need any encouragement to let off steam at any time of the day or night even!

Helping them to develop their gross motor skills can be hugely beneficial. Try things such as;

  • Throwing and catching a ball
  • Climbing up and down on a jungle gym or climbing frame
  • Hopping/jumping/skipping
  • Balancing

While it is essential to support your child, it is important to remember that all children develop at different rates, and what might be ideal for one child will be wholly unsuitable for someone else. Avoid forcing them to do what you think they should be doing and gently encourage their skills at their pace.

NASA Lands in Oakland!

New Partnership with Chabot Space & Science Center Will Create NASA Learning Opportunities in the East Bay

A new partnership between NASA’s Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley and Chabot Space & Science Center in Oakland, California, is now underway. Anchoring the partnership, a new visitor center for Ames will provide an immersive, dynamic STEAM environment called “The NASA Experience,” opening at Chabot in November 2021.

Under the terms of a 5-year Space Act Agreement, the organizations are beginning a long-term collaboration to create accessible STEAM (science, technology, engineering, art, and math) community engagement and education opportunities in Oakland and beyond.

“We’ve long collaborated with Chabot for community engagement activities and are delighted to take this next and more formal step to bring a deeper NASA experience into our surrounding communities,” said Eugene Tu, director of Ames. “It’s one of NASA’s founding functions to share our work as widely as possible, and partnering with Chabot will allow us to reach more broadly than we’d ever be able to do with our existing resources and location in the South Bay.”

Under the formal agreement, NASA and Chabot have identified three main areas for immediate collaboration that leverage the strengths of NASA’s research and Chabot’s long-standing programs.

First, The NASA Experience creates an immersive, dynamic, STEAM learning environment that puts the visitor into the role of a NASA researcher. Hands-on STEAM studios highlight the current science at NASA through interactive challenges, models, artifacts, and more. The visitor center brings to life the thrilling, challenging, and inspiring process of scientific discovery by showcasing the real stories and people at NASA’s Ames Research Center.

“We are so excited to share the fascinating science, extraordinary people and groundbreaking research of NASA’s Ames Research Center right here in Oakland,” said Adam Tobin, Executive Director at Chabot Space & Science Center, “Bringing together NASA Ames’ long legacy of innovation and Chabot’s 137-year history in STEM education creates a powerful opportunity to inspire the next generation of future scientists, engineers and astronomers.”

Leading up to the November opening, Chabot and Ames will provide engaging virtual programs hosted on Chabot Space & Science Center’s Facebook and YouTube platforms to offer participants a closer look at NASA’s mission.

Second, the two groups will create an interconnected network of STEAM education experiences throughout the city that deepens Chabot’s existing “Learning Everywhere” initiative. Building on existing connections with Oakland’s schools, libraries, and local organizations, this partnership will create programs that engage learners in current NASA research.

Third, the partnership will create tangible STEAM career pathways by developing explicit connections between NASA’s career opportunities and Chabot’s youth development programs. NASA will provide speakers, fieldtrips, and independent study on the missions and technology associated with work happening at NASA Ames in collaboration with Chabot’s Galaxy Explorers program, first established in 2000.

Chabot Space & Science Center is a non-profit institution, community resource, and hub for interactive STEAM engagement in Oakland. Founded in 1883, Chabot’s mission is to inspire and educate learners of all ages about the universe and planet Earth.

NASA’s Ames Research Center, one of 10 NASA field centers across the country, is located in the heart of California’s Silicon Valley. Since 1939, Ames has led NASA in conducting world-class research and development in aeronautics, exploration technology, and science aligned with the center’s core capabilities.

The Newark #Museum of #Art Acquires Major Work by Bisa Butler

The Warmth of Other Sons to be featured in

Virtual Exhibition during the Newark Arts Festival, Oct. 8-11

 The Newark Museum of Art, New Jersey’s largest art institution, announced today that it has acquired a large-scale artwork by Essex County resident Bisa Butler, a rising star among contemporary Black artists in the United States, known for her quilted portraits celebrating Black life.

The Warmth of Other Sons is loosely based on source material including historic photographs of Black families that migrated from the South to the North looking for economic prosperity. Standing at 9 feet high by 12 feet wide, this exuberant, multi-layered artwork is a significant acquisition by the Museum and will be included in Art + Tech: Perception, Access, Power, a virtual group show developed in partnership with the Newark Arts Festival, opening on October 8, 2020.

Drawing on a rich history of African American quilters, Butler stitches and layers her portrait quilts using carefully selected fabrics, including, cotton, silk, wool, and velvet. The title of this monumental work is a reference to Isabella Wilkerson’s critically acclaimed chronicle of the Great Migration, The Warmth of Other Suns, published in 2010.

Butler currently resides in West Orange, New Jersey, where she has a well-established studio practice and deep roots in the local community. She is an active member of the Newark arts community and previously taught in the Newark Public Schools for 10 years.

Local art enthusiasts will get an early glimpse of The Warmth of Other Sons virtually during the Newark Arts Festival, from October 8-11. Thereafter, this work will make its debut in Bisa Butler: Portraits, a solo exhibition organized by The Art Institute of Chicago, opening on November 16th. Mid next year The Warmth of Other Sons will return to The Newark Museum of Art where it will be installed in the Museum’s Seeing America galleries.

Bisa Butler, The Warmth of Other Sons, 2020
Velvet, wool, Vlisco cotton, silk, 108 x 104 in.
Collection of The Newark Museum of Art
Purchase 2020 Collections Exchange Fund 2020.1
Photo courtesy Claire Oliver Gallery © Bisa Butler

“Bisa’s art speaks to the deeply layered, complex, and vibrant histories of Black American life and the diaspora. Her work is especially meaningful as the country reckons with long-standing social and economic inequities impacting Black and Brown citizens, now in sharper relief with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic,” said Catherine Evans, Deputy Director, Collections & Curatorial Strategies at The Newark Museum of Art. “We are immensely proud to bring Ms. Butler’s powerfully affirming artwork into the Museum’s collection.”

Butler was born in Orange, New Jersey, the daughter of a college president and a French teacher. She grew up in South Orange, the youngest of four siblings. Her artistic talent was first recognized at the age of four, when she won a blue ribbon in an art competition.

Butler graduated Cum Laude from Howard University with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. It was during her education at Howard that she began to experiment with fabric as a medium and became interested in collage techniques. She then went on to earn a Master of Arts degree from Montclair State University in 2005. A dedicated arts educator, she was a high school art teacher for 13 years, serving for 10 years in the Newark Public Schools and three at her alma mater, Columbia High School in Maplewood, New Jersey.

“Honoring art by local artists and artists of color is a core tenet of this institution,” said Linda C. Harrison, director and CEO of The Newark Museum of Art. “We believe guests of all ages, races, and genders will find inspiration when they see the amazing work from contemporary artists and artists from Black and Brown diasporas. Art can unite people in a way that few other mediums can do, and Bisa’s work is an example of that unification.”

Butler’s work is currently the focus of a solo exhibition Bisa Butler: Portraits at the Katonah Museum of Art in New York, which remains on view through October 4th. That exhibition will then travel to the Art Institute of Chicago this fall. In addition to The Newark Museum of Art, her works are included in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago; Minneapolis Institute of Art; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; The Toledo Museum of Art; and Orlando Museum of Art, among others.

In 2019, Butler was a finalist for the Museum of Arts and Design’s Burke Prize. Her portrait of Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Wangari Maathai was featured as a cover for Time magazine’s special issue honoring the 100 Women of the Year in 2020.

Link between education, income inequality has existed for a century

Income is inextricably linked to access to education in America and it has been for a century, according to a new study from researchers at Stanford University and Rice University.

“A century of educational inequality in the United States,” published July 27 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, examines the link between education and income dating back to the early the 20th century. The research draws upon a dozen nationally representative datasets on college enrollment and completion between 1908 and 1995 as well as tax data from more recent years. It is one of the first studies to examine this link over such an extended period of time.

Researchers Michelle Jackson from Stanford and Brian Holzman from Rice’s Houston Education Research Consortium, part of the Kinder Institute for Urban Research and School of Social Sciences, found that income and educational inequality moved in lockstep with one another throughout the 20th century. The authors said previous studies of this topic, which haven’t examined data going so far back in time, did not reveal such a strong link.

Their paper detailed how inequality in college enrollment and completion rose in the 1930s and 1940s amid rising income inequality; was low for Americans born in the late 1950s and 1960s, when income inequality was low; and rose again for Americans born in the late 1980s, when income inequality peaked. This U-turn indicates the nation is experiencing levels of collegiate inequality not seen for generations, the authors wrote.

“Long story short, the findings reveal that longstanding worries about income inequality and its relationship to college opportunity are warranted,” Holzman said.

One notable exception was during the Vietnam War. For young people at risk of serving in the war, collegiate inequality was high while income inequality was low. During this period, inequality in college enrollment and completion was significantly higher among men than women, suggesting a bona fide “Vietnam War effect,” according to the paper.

The researchers hope the paper will further demonstrate the systemic nature of the link between income and education and inform future work on increasing educational opportunities, particularly for disadvantaged people.

The paper is online at https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/07/21/1907258117 and was funded by the Russell Sage Foundation.